Type 2 to Type 1 EV charger adapters are on hand to help EV owners bridge the gap between different EV charging standards.
In this article, we take a look at the best Type 2 to Type 1 EV charger adapters available in 2024, helping you make an informed decision about which one is right for your EV charging cable. Whether you want to convert a type 2 granny charger or connect your EV to a home charging station, this guide is here to help. We navigate you through the key features, compatibility issues, and top recommendations for adapters that connect Type 2 chargers to Type 1 EV chargers.
Type 2 to Type 1 EV Adapter: How Does It Work?
A Type 2 to Type 1 EV adapter works as a bridge between Type 2 charging stations and EVs that are equipped with a Type 1 charging port. This adapter is handy if you are on holiday useful in regions where Type 2 charging stations are prevalent, but the vehicle has a Type 1 inlet.
The adapter has two ends – one end features a Type 2 connector, and the other end has a Type 1 connector. The Type 2 end of the adapter is plugged into the Type 2 charging station, and the Type 1 end is connected to the EV’s Type 1 inlet.
The adapter essentially converts the Type 2 connection from the charging station to a format that is compatible with a Type 1 EV charging port. This allows vehicles with a Type 1 inlet to charge at Type 2 charging points, which are common in Europe and are becoming more widespread globally.
Are All EV Charging Cable Types the Same?
No, all EV charging cables are not the same. There are several types of charging cables, each designed to cater to different EV models, charging speeds, and power supply types.
The two most common types are Type 1 and Type 2 charging cables, they are not universally interchangeable and the cable you need will vary based on the compatibility with the vehicle.
The Best Type 2 to Type 1 EV Adapter 2024
What Is the Difference Between a Type 1 and Type 2 EV Charger?
The difference between Type 1 and Type 2 EV chargers lies primarily in their design, electrical specifications, and where in the world they are used.
- Design and Plug Type
Type 1 Chargers: These usually have a single-phase plug, which means they can typically handle up to 7.4 kW of power. The plug design is characterised by a 5-pin connector, including one for grounding. It’s commonly used in many American and Asian electric vehicles.
Type 2 Chargers: These are more versatile, supporting both single-phase and three-phase power. This means they can handle a higher power level – up to 22 kW on single-phase and up to 43 kW on three-phase. The plug design for Type 2 has a 7-pin connector, including two for communication, making it more complex than Type 1.
- Electrical Specifications
Type 1 Chargers: Typically, they are limited to a maximum of around 7.4 kW, making them suitable for home charging or slow public charging.
Type 2 Chargers: They can offer higher charging speeds due to their ability to handle more power. This makes Type 2 chargers more suitable for fast or rapid public charging stations.
- Where to Find Each Charger Type?
Type 1 Chargers are more common in North America and parts of Asia.
Type 2 Chargers are the standard in the UK and Europe, they are increasingly being adopted in other regions due to their higher power capacity and versatility.
Can You Change a Type 1 Charger to Type 2?
While it might be technically feasible for an expert to change a Type 1 charger to a Type 2, it’s not recommended due to the complexity and potential risks involved. A more practical and safer approach is to use a Type 1 to Type 2 EV adapter. They are easy to use, cost-effective, and eliminate the need for any technical alterations, making them a preferable solution for bridging the gap between Type 1 and Type 2 portable EV chargers.
Which EVs Have a Type 1 Charger
Type 1 chargers, also known as SAE J1772 connectors, are predominantly used in the United States, Canada, and Japan. They are typically found in older or first-generation EVs. Some examples of EVs with Type 1 chargers include:
Nissan Leaf (earlier models)
One of the most popular EVs, the earlier models of the Nissan Leaf came equipped with a Type 1 charging connector.
This plug-in hybrid electric vehicle also uses a Type 1 charger.
Ford Focus Electric
The Ford Focus Electric, primarily sold in North America, featured a Type 1 charger.
This compact electric car, available in various global markets, originally came with a Type 1 charger.
Which EVs Have a Type 2 Charger
Type 2 chargers, also known as Mennekes connectors, are standard in Europe and are becoming increasingly popular globally. They are found in a wide range of newer EV models, including:
Tesla Model S, X, 3, and Y
While Tesla has its proprietary connector in North America, in Europe and other markets, Tesla vehicles use Type 2 connectors.
BMW i3 and iX3
BMW’s popular electric models come with Type 2 charging ports.
Audi’s foray into electric vehicles, the e-tron series, uses Type 2 chargers.
Volkswagen ID.3 and ID.4
Volkswagen’s ID series, part of its major push into electric vehicles, features Type 2 connectors.
A popular compact electric vehicle in Europe, the Zoe is equipped with a Type 2 charger.
The Final Word on Type 2 to Type 1 EV Adapters
Type 2 to Type 1 EV adapters are very handy for EV owners to switch between different charging connectors, allowing EV users to access a wider range of charging stations, regardless of the connector type.
While Type 2 to Type 1 adapters provide a practical solution for compatibility issues, EV owners need to exercise caution and follow safety guidelines when using them to charge a vehicle. Always ensure that the adapter is of high quality and properly certified to avoid potential risks or damage to your vehicle.
As the electric vehicle industry continues to evolve, standardisation efforts are underway to create more uniform charging connectors. In the future, I think we will see the need for such adapters decrease as regions adopt universal connectors.
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John is the Editor and Spokesperson for Electric Car Guide.
With over 20 years of writing experience, he has written for titles such as City AM, FE News and NerdWallet.com, covering various automotive and personal finance topics.
John’s market commentary has been covered by the likes of The Express, The Independent, Yahoo Finance and The Evening Standard.